Net Operating Loss Deductions (280-RICR-20-25-13)


280-RICR-20-25-13 ACTIVE RULE

13.1 Purpose

These rules and regulations implement R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-11-11(b) which provide a Net Operating Loss Deduction.

13.2 Authority

These rules and regulations are promulgated pursuant to R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 44-1-4 and 44-11-9. The rules and regulations have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 42-35-1 et. seq. of the Rhode Island Administrative Procedures Act.

13.3 Application

These rules and regulations shall be liberally construed to permit the Division of Taxation to administrator R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-11-11(b) regarding Net Operating Losses.

13.4 Severability

If any provision of these rules and regulations, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the validity of the remainder of the rules and regulations shall not be affected.

13.5 Net Operating Loss Deduction Allowed

A. A deduction similar to that allowed under 26 U.S.C. § 172, except as provided in §§ 13.5(A)(1), (2) and (3) of this Part, may be allowable in computing entire net income for the purposes of R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-11-11. The Rhode Island net operating loss deduction is the same as that allowed for federal tax purposes subject to limitations:

1. One of these limitations is that any net operating loss which may be carried forward for federal tax purposes must be adjusted to reflect the inclusions and exclusions from entire net income required by R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 44-11-11(a) and 44-11-11.1.

a. Example 1 - For the calendar year 2013, a taxpayer has federal gross income of $400,000, including $100,000 dividends from corporations qualifying for the 85% dividend exclusion and has deductible operating expenses of $400,000, including $5,000 Rhode Island corporation tax. Its federal net operating loss is $85,000 and its Rhode Island net operating loss is $80,000, computed as follows:

(1) Federal Filing

Gross Income

$400,000

Less Operating Expense

($400,000)

Taxable Income Before Special Deduction

0

Less Special Dividend Received Deduction

($85,000)

Net Operating Loss

($85,000)

(2) Rhode Island Filing

Federal Taxable Income

($85,000)

Add: Amount of Federal Deduction for Rhode Island Business Corporation Tax

$5,000

Rhode Island Net Operating Loss

($80,000)

2. The second limitation is that in any year the Rhode Island net operating loss deduction may not exceed the deduction allowable for that year for federal tax purposes under 26 U.S.C. § 172.

a. Example 2 - If the dividends in the example 1 were from corporations subject to tax under R.I. Gen. Laws Chapter 44-11, the Rhode Island net operating loss would be $95,000 computed as follows:

Federal Taxable Income Before Special Deductions

$0

Less: Special Deductions

($85,000)

Less: Exempt Dividends & Interest

($15,000)

Subtotal

($100,000)

Add: Amount of Federal Deduction for Rhode Island Business Corporation Tax

$5,000

Rhode Island Operating Loss

($95,000)

Maximum Rhode Island Operating Loss (Limitation 13.5(A)(2) of this Part)

($85,000)

b. Example 3 - If the taxpayer in the example 2 in 2014 had federal gross income of $300,000, including $100,000 of dividends from corporations subject to Rhode Island corporation tax and expenses of $100,000 including Rhode Island corporation taxes of $5,000, its federal and state net operating loss deduction will be computed as follows:

(1) Federal Filing

Gross Income

$300,000

Expenses

($100,000)

Subtotal

$200,000

Net Operating Loss Deduction from 1983 (See example 2 Assume only as a carryforward)

($85,000)

Federal Taxable Income Before Special Deduction

$115,000

Less: Special Dividends Received Deduction (Current Year)

($85,000)

Federal Taxable Income

$30,000

(2) Rhode Island Filing

Federal Taxable Income Before Special Deduction

$115,000

Add: Amount of Federal Deduction for Rhode Island Business Corporation Tax

$5,000

Less: Special Dividends Received Deduction

($85,000)

Less: Exempt Dividends & Interest

($15,000)

Rhode Island Taxable Income

$20,000

3. The third limitation is that no deduction is allowable for a loss sustained during any taxable year in which a taxpayer was not subject to tax under R.I. Gen. Laws Chapter 44-11.

a. Example 4 - A corporation incorporated in Pennsylvania in January 2012. During the taxable year 2012 it sustained an operating loss of $10,000. In January 2013, it began to do business in Rhode Island. For the taxable year it had entire net income of $10,000. No deduction is allowed for any part of the loss sustained in 2012, since the corporation was not subject to Rhode Island business corporation tax in 2012.

4. The fourth limitation is that such deduction for a taxable year may not be carried back to any other taxable year for Rhode Island purposes but shall only be allowable on a carry forward basis for the five (5) succeeding taxable years.

a. Example 5

(1) Federal Filing

Gross Income

$100,000

Expenses

($125,000)

Federal Taxable Income (NOL)

($25,000)

(2) Rhode Island Filing

Federal Taxable Income (NOL)

($25,000)

Add: Amount of Federal Deduction for Rhode Island Business Corporation Tax

$1,000

Rhode Island taxable Income

($24,000)

(3) If the $25,000 Federal Net Operating Loss is carried forward, then the Rhode Island Net Operating Loss of $24,000 would also be allowed to be carried forward.

(4) If the Federal carry forward remains to be used for a sixth year then there would be no further Rhode Island carryforward because of the limitation of Rhode Island carryforward for five (5) succeeding taxable years.

(5) If the Federal Net Operating Loss is carried back, there is no Rhode Island Net Operating Loss (except to the extent any unused Federal NOL is carried forward) to be used as either a carryback or carryforward since the Rhode Island NOL is limited to a carryforward only and may not exceed the deduction allowable for that year for federal tax purposes.

B. Consolidated Net Operating Losses - for tax years beginning on or before 12/31/2014

1. Each corporation within the consolidated return shall compute its own net operating loss as outlined in § 13.5(A) of this Part, except that:

a. A corporation which reports as part of a consolidated group for federal income tax purposes but on a separate basis for purposes of Rhode Island, computes its net operating loss deduction as if it were filing on a separate basis for federal income tax purposes.

b. Any carryforward for a year for which a Rhode Island consolidated return was filed must be based upon the combined net operating loss of the group of companies filing such return.

2. The portion of the combined loss attributable to any member of the group which files a separate return for a preceding or succeeding taxable year will be an amount bearing the same relation to the combined loss as the net operating loss of such corporation bears to the total net operating losses of all members of the group having such losses, to the extent that they are taken into account in computing consolidated net operating losses.

a. Example 6 - In the taxable year 2012, the X corporation filed a separate Rhode Island return showing net income of $20,000 and also filed a separate federal return showing federal taxable income in the same amount. In 2014, it filed a separate federal return showing a net operating loss of $10,000 but joined with W Corporation, Y Corporation and Z Corporation in filing a consolidated Rhode Island return showing the following:

W Corporation-Net Income

$7,500

X Corporation- Net Operating Loss

($10,000)

Y Corporation-Net Income

($20,000)

Z Corporation-Net Income

$7,500

Combined Net Operating Loss

($15,000)

3. For Rhode Island purposes the deduction allowable to X Corporation against its 2012 income must be based upon the combined net operating loss shown above. The portion of the combined loss attributable to X Corporation is one-third $10,000/($10,000 + $20,000). Therefore, the deduction allowable to X Corporation against its 2012 income would be ($5,000), i.e., 1/3 x ($15,000).

C. Net Operation Loss on Combined Reporting Tax Returns

1. For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2015 see Regulation Business Corporation Tax - Combined Reporting (§ 10.13 of this Subchapter).

Title 280 Department of Revenue
Chapter 20 Division of Taxation
Subchapter 25 Business Corporation Tax
Part 13 Net Operating Loss Deductions (280-RICR-20-25-13)
Type of Filing Amendment
Regulation Status Active
Effective 07/01/2018

Regulation Authority :

R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 44-1-1 adn 44-11-9

Purpose and Reason :

The purpose of this rule making is to implement R.I. Gen. Laws § 44-11-11(b) which provide a Net Operating Loss Deduction. Also, the regulation is changed to the new Code of Regulations format.

There are no electronic rulemaking documents for rules filed prior to August 14, 2018. For rulemaking documents for rules filed prior to this date, please contact the appropriate agency's Rules Coordinator.